NATIONAL ESTABLISHMENTS OF RELIGION
"Hence it ought to be observed that something remarkable is here demanded from princes, besides an ordinary profession of faith; for the Lord has bestowed on them authority and power to defend the Church and to promote the glory of God. This is indeed the duty of all; but kings, in proportion as their power is greater, ought to devote themselves to it more earnestly, and to labor in it more diligently."—John Calvin, Commentary on Isaiah (1550).
Works on National Establishments of Religion:
Statement of the Difference Between the Profession of the Reformed Church of Scotland,-1807-Thomas McCrie (1772-1835).-A defence of national churches and national estalbishments of religion with many helpful discussions on the use and purpose of creeds and confessions in the life of the church.
The Christian Magistrate: A Discourse.-1832-Thomas Houston.-An excellent survey of the qualifications and duties of the civil magistrate. Houston is particularly helpful to explain how a Christian magistrate is responsible to establish the true religion and his power circa sacra. His discussion of punishing heretics and idolaters required a full length defense which he issued the following year. This is a strong indictment of theological liberalism and its tendencies.
The Reviewer Reviewed, and The Covenanter and Testimony of the Reformed Presbyterian Church Vindicated, from the Perversions and Groundless Allegations of the Rev. John Paul, in a Pamphlet, Entitled, "The Covenanter Reviewed & Persecution Condemned."-1833-Thomas Houston.-A vigorous defense of his discourse on the Christian Magistrate from charges of being contrary to the received doctrine of the Reformed Presbyterian Church. Mr. Houston demonstrates the depth of historical support for this doctrine. This pamphlet also has much to teach about historical testimony and the engagement to walk in the footsteps of the flock.
Lectures on the Lawfulness and Advantages of National Establishments of Religion.-1839-William White, of Haddington.-Two Lectures explaining and defending the national establishment of religion together with a discussion of its advantages to the interests of true Christianity.
The Duty of Nations to the Church.-1860-David Steele.-An article explaining that nations must serve the Mediator Christ in their national capacity by giving their support to national establishments of religion.
Church and State: Three Lectures.-1893-James Kerr.-A series of lectures examining three possible positions one may hold concerning the relation between church and state. First, the state might offer all religions equality which is a prescription for national disaster; second, the state might establish a church with its worship and discipline which is to offer dishonor to the church; third, the state might embrace the true religion and a Scriptural establish which is glorious.