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Sermons & Study Guides

National Church Establishments Pt. 10 - (Christ and the Nations 4 — Son of David)

James Dodson

National Church Establishments

(Christ and the Nations 4 — Son of David) 

The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham. (Matt. 1:1)

Question.—How does the Bible teaching that  Christ is the son of David reflect the national character of His work? Answer.—The  national,  not  merely  individual,  character  of  Christ’s  work  is set forth in the consideration of His work as the son of David.  The regal title and royal  descent  all  yield  points  of  similarity  and  contrast  which  bear  upon  His relations to the nations: First, The last words of David invite a comparison with the coming Messiah, 2 Sam. 23:1.  Christ as the second David, or second King of Israel, appears in due time,  Gal.  4:4,  5;  for  the  recovering  of  national  Israel fallen,  “like  Adam,”  Hos. 6:7;  fallen  “after  the  similitude  of  Adam’s  transgression,”  Rom.  5:14;  that  they might be restored to a national standing before God, Rom. 11:26. Second, It is to be observed that Christ is born expressly to be the King of the Jews, Matt. 2:2.  As the son of David, King of Israel, he came to save not merely individuals  but  the  nation  and  that  not  only  outwardly, but  inwardly—as  a church as well as a nation, Matt. 1:21.  He came as King of the Jews and, the Jews being nationally His people, He came to bring national deliverance, Luke 1:68-75. Third,  As  a  son  of  Abraham  and  born  King  of  the  Jews,  Christ  received  the sign  of  circumcision,  Luke  2:21;  which  marked  Him  specially  as  linked  to  the nation of Israel and the promise made to Abraham respecting a holy seed, Rom. 4:11; Gen. 17:4, 7, 8. Fourth,  In  His  baptism,  Christ  submitted  to  the  national  call  to  repentance preached by John, Matt. 3:1, 2, 10; in so doing, He acknowledged Himself under all the same guilt which pertained to the nation and parentage of Israel to whom John was sent, Matt. 3:5, 6.  At His baptism, a voice from heaven proclaimed Him to be a restoration, not merely of what was lost in Adam (i.e., the second Adam), but what was lost by apostatizing Israel (i.e., a second David), Matt. 3:17; Ps. 2:7. Fifth,  Christ’s  three  temptations  paralleled  those  of  Israel—the  first  with hunger to that of Israel when he first attained the status of kingdom, Deut. 8:3, 4; from  which  by  sin  they  fell  and  God  sware  in  His  wrath  that  they  should  not enter  the  land,  Heb.  4:3.    Yet,  Christ  stood  wherein Israel  fell,  Matt.  4:3,  4.    The second  temptation  proceeded  from  their  standing  as  a  kingdom  attained  under Solomon wherein they trusted in their privilege, Jer. 7:4.  Again, Christ stood in that  wherein  Israel  fell,  Matt.  4:5-7.    The  third  (these  last  two  are  reversed  in Luke’s  account)  temptation  which  constantly  pressed  Israel  as  a  nation  was  the influence  and  example  of  the  surrounding  nations  and  their  idolatry,  to  which Israel often succumbed, Hos. 2:5; herein Christ also stood, Matt. 4:8-10. 
Sixth,  Twice  we  find  that  Christ  cleanses  the  temple,  wherein  He  displayed great authority and power, John 2:13-17; Matt. 21:12, 13.  Thus, as the King of the Jews, He fulfilled the requirements of a godly magistrate, Ex. 20:8-11.  As a godly King  He  fulfilled  all  righteousness  toward  His  people,  Ps.  40:10.    In  fact,  He identified  Himself  to  His  people  as  their  King  by  His  entrance  into  the  city  of Jerusalem, Zech. 9:9; John 12:13-15.Seventh, Jesus finished and crowned His work, as  King  of  the  Jews,  by  dying  for  them,  John  11:50,  51;  and  thereby  removing their   iniquity,   Zech.   3:9.      It   was   a   kingship   acknowledged   and   declared providentially  from  the  lips  of  His  own  enemies,  Matt.  27:37.    The  final  result being that He shall bring all Israel to salvation, Jer. 23:5, 6. Eighth,   The   apostle   proclaims   that   this   same   national   salvation is   not restricted to the Jews only, Eph. 3:6; Rom. 15:8-12.  Christ’s death is to have been undergone  on  behalf  of  Gentile  nations  as  well  as  the  nation  of  the  Jews,  John 11:49-52.  These national sons are contemplated in the answer to a question asked on behalf of the national Jewish son, Jer. 3:19.  Thus, of the New Testament era, there is a promised universality of blessing, Joel 2:28; Zeph. 3:9, 10; Hab. 2:14; Ps. 72:17. Ninth, Christ’s redemption, while beginning with Israel, Matt. 15:22-24; yet is not  restricted  to  Israel,  Isa.  11:9.    His  redemption,  like  His  gospel,  is  a  national redemption, a redemption of nations, Isa. 2:4.  It is to the Jew first, but also to the Gentile nations, Rom. 1:16.  The gospel is leaven for the nations, Matt. 13:33; the Jewish first, Matt. 10:6; then, the Gentiles shall follow, Rom. 11:11-15. Tenth,  Christ  is  invested  with  the  key,  or  authority,  of the  house  of  David, Isa. 22:22; whereby He is invested with both the national rule of Israel and of the Gentile nations which He shall rule via His church, Rev. 3:7; Matt. 16:18, 19.  For through  His  church  all  the  nations  will  be  made  to  hear,  2  Tim.  4:17;  and  His testimonies shall be proclaimed before kings, Ps. 119:46.