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JULY 2018 - Short vindication of our covenanted reformation
By Committee of the Reformed Presbytery
Length of Book Synopsis: In 1871, after decades of debate, the Synod of the RPCNA decided to frame a bond, or covenant, designed to take in what they deemed the peculiar circumstances of Reformed Presbyterians in North America. In doing so, the membership was assured that covenanting is what Reformed Presbyterians do; hence, they are called Covenanters. The problem was that so-called Covenanters, the Synod of the RPCNA, had adopted a method of covenanting contrary to the model which had been adopted and defended by the historic Covenanters for centuries. After several decades of increasing compromise with the federal government of the United States, the character of the 1871 Covenant, or Pittsburgh bond, could not escape unscathed. Contrary to historic Covenanter doctrine regarding unlawful military associations, the Synod had tolerated many of its members to serve in the military during the American “Civil” War. Additionally, although the Second Reformation had rejected the subjection of the church to the control of the state, a doctrine know as Erastianism, the Synod of the RPCNA had itself rejected this teaching by seeking a civil incorporation under what they testified was the immoral constitution of U.S. government. So, by 1871, the Erastian Synod of the RPCNA represented the consolidation of political compromise together with the abandoning of genuine Covenanter, or Second Reformation, doctrine. Thus, their 1871 Covenant would embody their growing toleration of all things contrary to the Second Reformation and the maintaining of sound religion. Furthermore, during the prolonged controversy with the Seceders, throughout the previous century, Covenanters had insisted that any renewal of covenants must utilize the same words as those used by the original Covenanters. It was the failure to renew covenants in this manner, together with their compromise regarding civil government, that had led Thomas Nairn to leave the Associate Presbytery and to join with John MacMillan to reconstitute the Reformed Presbytery, in 1743. The Covenant of 1871, far from its claim to be a covenant renewal, created a new and very different church, in America. In 1871, the Synod of the RPCNA officially rejected historic Covenanter principles and adopted the principles of the Secession on this matter. It is, therefore, no surprise to learn that, a century later, in 1969, they finally merged with the remnant of the Associate Presbytery and, though keeping the name “Reformed Presbyterian,” they revealed they were fully turned to Seceder doctrine respecting magistracy and covenanting (sadly, without their historic emphasis on church discipline).
Besides the “Short Vindication” which shows that, fairly considered, the Synod of the RPCNA ceased to have any genuine historical connection to the Covenanter church, after taking its 1871 Covenant, there are several other shorter articles contained. Several articles are written by Covenanters who felt constrained to sever their connection to the Erastian Synod of the RPCNA in light of this act of “covenanting” because of the doctrinal and practical corruption it would bring in. Significantly, there is an article published by the Seceders, shortly after the Pittsburgh bond, of 1871, which challenges the RPCNA for its hypocrisy and asks that they admit they had become Seceders. It is still hoped that they would become honest enough to admit they are no longer Covenanters but such honesty, on the part of a body so corrupted, seems unlikely.
PREVIOUS MONTH'S PAMPHLETS AVAILABLE FOR PURCHASE
Hephzibah Beulah by Rev. James W. Shaw
At the beginning of the 19th century, the Reformed Presbyterians in Scotland, Ireland and North America, having spent the previous century debating the Seceders over the civil dimensions espoused in the Covenants, National and Solemn League, turned inward. As each nation saw rising numbers of members, they formed synods and these synods began to reflect upon what it meant to be Covenanters. Gradually, each ecclesiastical body…
Truth No Enemy to Peace by John Reid
Throughout the eighteenth century, the Seceders and Covenanters conducted a war of words mainly over the proper understanding of the relation of what it means to uphold our Covenanted Reformation with reference to civil governments. The Seceders took the position that, as a dissenting body, they were only responsible to press those principles of the Covenanted Reformation which pertained to the reformation of the church…
A Short Account of Mr. Thomas Nairn by Thomas Nairn
With their renewal of the covenants, in 1743, the Associate Presbytery (the Secession) saw the departure of Rev. Thomas Nairn, who disagreed with their views on the manner accommodating this renewal to the times. In their act for renewing the Covenants, the Seceders condemned the views of the Old Dissenters (i.e., Covenanters) over their views regarding the use of arms in resisting uncovenanted governments…
Causes of the Lord’s Wrath Against Scotland by James Guthrie
In 1651, the Church of Scotland was rent asunder by what became known as the Protester/Resolutioner controversy. The Protesters were the minority party; the Resolutioners controlled most of the higher assemblies of the church. Both parties agreed to keep covenant breakers and those who refused to own the obligations of the sworn covenants out of church office but the Protesters, understanding that the covenants had a civil application…
Letter Second to the Reverend William Fletcher by William Steven
In his Second Letter, Mr. Steven once more takes up the cause of the Reformed Presbytery against the accusations of the Secession church on the matter of civil magistracy. His first concern is to vindicate the position of Reformed Presbyterians on matter of paying of tribute, or taxations. In the first section, Mr. Steven discusses the nature of taxations distinguishing between those with which it is inherently sinful to comply…
An Informatory Vindication
In 1687, the struggle for the cause of covenanting had entered a critical phase. Since the Restoration of Charles II., in 1660, those who had held firmly to the cause of Covenanted Reformation had come under increasing pressure to conform and submit to the demands of the king which sought to “harmonize” Scottish polity with that found in England. This result was the gradual attrition of those remaining faithful to the Covenants…
An Overture on the Magistrate’s Power Circe Sacra by Reformed Presbyterian Synod
The 1830s were a time of turbulence in the Reformed Presbyterian church, in America. After the split, in 1833, into “New Lights” and “Old Lights,” the “Old Light” Synod began to give renewed thought to the concept of testimony bearing, especially in the context of the North American ecclesiastical potpourri. Few could have anticipated the flood of errors and heresies that would erupt into the vacuum left by the American…
The Revolution Settlement of the Church of Scotland by John Graham
What makes the Reformed Presbyterian Church different from all other Presbyterian churches? Genealogy. All other Presbyterian churches descend from the Revolution Settlement with its Erastian moorings in the Restoration rather than the Second Reformation. The Reformed Presbyterian Church, alone among Presbyterians, traces its roots back to the Second Reformation of Scotland and its attainments. While pedigree is not enough…
Two Lectures on Reformation Principles by Andrew Symington
What are the principles of the Second Reformation and why are they of importance today? The Second Reformation represents a high water mark of reform; it is a litmus test for Presbyterian orthodoxy; it was an achievement of grand proportions in the nation of Scotland. Its breadth means it effectively touched many doctrines while pushing its reforms in church and nation. If any principle stands at the center of the agenda…
Strictures on Occasional Hearing by James Douglas
The disease that is denominationalism is often hidden by the laxity of modern church discipline. Lack of confessional integrity, encouraged by a mindless ecumenism, has made the prospect of fellowship an easy choice in our decadent age—simply attend the church of your choice or worship with the purest body near you. Such advice flows from a complete failure to grasp the nature of the visible church (cf. WCF XXV.1) or the nature…
Answers to the Twelve Queries by William Stevenson
Written toward the end of the eighteenth century, Mr. Steven takes up the cause of the Reformed Presbytery against the accusations of the Secession church on the matter of civil magistracy. He seeks to right several wrongs done against the Reformed Presbytery by authors of the Associate Presbytery (Seceders), including vindicating the Rev. John M’Millan’s “Letter on Civil Magistracy” from several…
The Ecclesiastical Catechism by Alexander McLeod
There was a time when the average Christian knew or wanted to know why he believed and practiced as he did. It was a time when churches taught doctrine and enforced genuine Christian practice. In America, one of the most hotly contested controversies surrounded the matter of church government. These controversies raged in the early part of the 19th century when each professing believer sought to give an account…
A Testimony and Warning Against Some Prevailing Sins… by The Reformed Presbytery
For well over a century after the Second Reformation, the Reformed Presbytery had, in matters of practical religion, shared a common Christian view of culture and society. However, toward the end of the eighteenth century, with the rise of Deism and the establishing of Enlightenment ideals in Revolutionary France, the tide was turning against a Christian ethos throughout Europe and America. Practices which would…
A Plea for the Covenanted Reformation of the National Covenant and Solemn League and Covenant
The question of what is the Reformation cause is one that must be answered before people claiming to be Reformed and Presbyterian can make their claims legitimate. Names imply continuity of identity and identity has references that are rooted in history. The Scottish Reformation, from which all Presbyterianism claims to have some pedigree, was and is of a peculiar character amongst the various Reformed bodies. It was a Reformation…
A Short Directory for Religious Societies
Few things were more consistent for Covenanters, especially during the Killing Times, than to maintain Fellowship, of Society, meetings for the mutual comfort and benefit of the people of God. In these meetings, the warmth of experimental religion was kept alive and the bond of communion among the saints was reinforced. These were not meetings designed only for prayer, though they prayed, they were meetings that encouraged…
The Auchensaugh Renovation of the National Covenant and Solemn League and Covenant
In 1689, shortly before his defection to the Revolution Church of Scotland (constituted after the “Glorious Revolution” of William and Mary, in 1689), Mr. Alexander Shields presided over an act of covenant renewal, at Borland Hill. In this, the Covenanters joined hoping to influence the newly formed civil and ecclesiastical governments of Britain. With Shields’ departure, they were left without ministry until John M’Millan acceded…
Discourses on Scripture Psalmody in Praising God by Rev. Hugh Brown
There was a time when to be Presbyterian meant to be concerned for purity of worship. Presbyterians were opposed to liturgical modes of worship, operatic modes of singing, and observance of a church calendar. The concern for purity was not merely negative, it had some very notable positive aspects as well. In a previous time, to be Presbyterian was synonymous with being a Psalm singer. Whatever the cause of breech in communion…
An Useful Case of Conscience Discussed and Resolved by George Gillespie
In the United States, and many other countries, it has become a common feature for conservative Christians to serve in the military and positions of public trust under governments that are not even remotely Christian. For many years, the Reformed Presbyterians bore testimony against this practice and all other voluntary associations with the ungodly. The first work, by George Gillespie, explains which kinds of alliances are forbidden…
A Letter on the Civil Magistrate by John M’Millan Junior
Today, many people think that the only requirement for legitimacy in civil magistracy is that it exists by the providence of God. This view is especially prevalent among conservative Christian groups which view it to be their duty to submit to anyone who occupies the office of ruler. This view is often part of a worldview that calls them into closer and closer proximity to political activism. After all, the thinking is, “if you don’t vote…
Considerations on Lots by John M. Mason
In his “Lectures on Calvinism,” (1898), Dutch Reformed theologian Abraham Kuyper listed dancing, theater attendance and card playing (and dicing) as the three diversions no serious Christian, especially the Calvinist, would dare to engage to participate. Undoubtedly, many professing Christians today view various card games and board games as innocent diversions. Many very likely will find any suggestion that they are not only…
Church and State: Three Lectures by James Kerr D.D.,
There are many theories about the proper relation between Church and State. There is one, in particular, that is held up for scorn not only by the ungodly but also by many professing Christians—that the Church and State should be in alliance. The belief in national establishments of religion is not very popular amongst the churches throughout Western societies. It is often accounted both outdated and incompatible with the tenets...
Jesus "Crowned with Glory and Honor" by Thomas Martin
Today, many people associate Reformed Presbyterians with the practice of acapella Psalm singing. This is due to the decline of Psalm singing amongst professing Presbyterians. However, prior to the twentieth century, Reformed Presbyterians were known for a very different distinctive principle and practice. That principle revolves around the Headship of Christ and his Mediatorial reign over the nations...
The First Blast of the Trumpet Against the Monstrous Regiment of Women by John Knox
The egalitarian notion that men and women are equal is accepted as axiomatically true by most people today. As a result, feminism has made increasing advances in modern churches. But, does Christianity provide a basis for dismissing the natural order between the sexes? “The First Blast of the Trumpet” is Knox’s first attack on the rising class of female sovereigns. In the course of explaining why women should not be heads...
Instrumental Music in Public Worship by Rev. Robert Johnson
It was not until the middle of the nineteenth century that most Protestants, especially Presbyterians, had to face what would often be known as “the organ question.” Prior to this, most of these congregations had worshipped a cappella. This had been their practice since the Reformation, a practice they shared with the early church. With the advent of revivalism, and the “new measures” proposed by Charles Finney (who began his...
Messiah, Governor of the Nations of the Earth by Alexander McLeod & The Written Law, Or The Law Of God Revealed In The Scriptures, By Christ As Mediator; by James R. Willson
The doctrine of the Mediatorial reign of Christ has formed the subject of those principles accounted distinctive to the Reformed Presbyterian Church. Christ’s kingship over the nations and the implications of this doctrine will not be popular amongst a people deeply compromised with the spirit of the age. The prescription may seem tough but the results of centuries of ignoring this doctrine have left the church effete and gutted when it...
Sermon on the Baptizing of Infants by Stephen Marshall
Many people today consider the topic of baptism a matter of lesser moment, a non-fundamental about which too many have placed too much emphasis in times past. Yet, it is also forgotten that baptism was highly controverted not only because of the errors of Rome regarding sacraments but because of the dangers posed by the rise of the Anabaptist movement. If Rome attributed too much to the power of baptism (e.g., its washing away of original...
"A Sermon on The Vow" by J. R. Willson
What is the relationship between covenanting, or vowing, and the reception of the Lord’s supper? Today, it is to be feared that few people take seriously the nature of the oath and vow implied in the sacramental reception of the Lord’s supper. The practice of close communion is rarely enforced in Reformed churches and, with its abandonment, the enforcing of terms of communion is all but non-existent. The Lord’s supper has become...
Advantage Of National Establishments Of Religion By William White
Many people living in “post-Christian” Western societies have probably never given serious thought to the proposition of national religion and its establishment. For many, their faith in the Enlightenment doctrine of separation of church and state seems to preclude any possibility of any such arrangement. Disestablishment and rejection of national religion is, after all, the basis for our modern secular utopias in the West. How could...
Observations on the Public Covenants Betwixt God and the Church by Archibald Mason
What happens when a nation professes the true religion and makes this profession explicit by publicly swearing to uphold and practice that faith? Clearly this happened in Israel under the Old Testament administration of Moses. However, is this practice advisable or even lawful for nations under the New Testament? After all, what do New Testament Christians have to do with Old Testament practices? These are questions which challenge...
The Obligation of the Covenants by Samuel B. Wylie together with The Duty of Social Covenanting by Thomas Sproull
Many Presbyterian and Reformed Christians today are familiar with covenant theology and they have often heard about the Covenant of Grace. Few have considered some of the implications of this doctrine or one of its practical consequences for the church—social covenanting. Fewer yet are aware that the Westminster Standards are one of the results of social covenanting. There was a time when the Reformed Presbyterian Church was known to others by...
Amusements and The Christian Life by L. C. Vass
When the Christian life and the idea of separation from the world was taken more seriously, all evangelical churches (and even many that were not evangelical) believed and taught that professing Christians should abstain from worldly amusements. The first pamphlet contained in this book was written during the moral decline that followed the devastating “civil” war between the Northern and Southern states. Upon reading...
Amusements and The Christian Life | Booklet Video
Letters on the Constitution, Government, and Discipline of the Christian Church by John Brown
In purer days, Presbyterians were interested in, and thought much upon, the subject of church government. There were broad debates over whether or not God had established any particular form of government in the church, or if it was allowed to adopt that form most convenient. There were more narrow debates wherein different parties asserted their’s to be the only form of government existing by divine authority and...
Popery, The Mystery of Iniquity by William Symington
There was a time when being Protestant entailed the declaration and belief that popery was the mystery of iniquity and the pope was that man of sin seated in the church. Protestantism was predicated upon a rejection of popery in its doctrine and practice. In the evolving conceptions of what it means to be a Christian today, thanks in large part to evangelicals holding hands...
Popery, The Mystery of Iniquity | Booklet Video
View of the Rights of God and Man by James McKinney
While still in Ireland, in the early 1790s, James McKinney began to preach a series of sermons designed to encourage men to advance the cause of revealed religion in the realm of politics. So far from seeking to set the Covenanter testimony on a new footing in the New World, these sermons, on the Rights of God and Man, were first delivered in the Old World in the midst of Irish political...
View of the Rights of God and Man | Booklet Video
Antipharmacum Saluberrimum by John Flavel
Imagine living in a country once professedly Christian, but now overtaken by increasingly secularizing political forces. Through various steps of defection, the church had ceded its authority and its message to gain favor with the world. In this climate, there are ever increasingly hostile parties opposed to biblical Christianity, and the Reformed faith in particular. This political and cultural...
Antipharmacum Saluberimum | Booklet Video
Church Fellowship by John Black
The early 19th century was a time when American sensibilities sought to overtake Christian sensibilities. The Enlightenment dogmas of equality and a boundless liberty of conscience in matters of faith were blazing through historically Reformed churches and normalizing the idea of denominationalism. In this climate, when a false characterization of the principle of Christian charity...
Church Fellowship | Booklet Video
The God of Paul's Fathers by Andrew Symington
Questions and confusion about the doctrine of the Trinity is nothing new. From her earliest days, the Christian church has had to combat various misunderstandings many of which grew into damnable heresies. One of the earliest and most subversive heresies was called Sabellianism, the belief the God was one person perceived by believers under three different aspects. Sabellius was a third...
The God of Paul's Fathers | Booklet Video
The Mystery of Magistracy Unvailed
As Western societies become increasingly secular and tolerant of every kind of belief and practice contrary to Scripture, they are confronted with the lack of cohesion that the Christian religion used to provide. In the wake of its absence, the state has assumed the duties that used to pertain to the church, especially when nations had national establishments of religion. Where the...
Mystery of Magistracy | Booklet Video
The Doctrine of the Atonement by Alexander Mcleod
In the early part of the 19th century, the Reformed churches were greatly troubled over the matter of Hopkinsianism. It was a theological system which arose out of certain speculative notions found in the writings of Jonathan Edwards and systematized by Samuel Hopkins, hence its name. Besides tampering with and modifying many views of the traditional New England Puritans, it became...
Doctrine of the Atonement | Booklet Video
A Short Account Of The Old Presbyterian Dissenters by Authority Of The Reformed Presbytery In Scotland
In 1806, the Reformed Presbytery of Scotland, the Covenanters, were desirous of giving an account among themselves and to the world for, what seemed to many, their peculiar emphasis on testimony bearing. The testimony bearing of the Covenanting societies had become more and more pronounced in the early 18th century and reached its height of confessionalization in 1761. Due to...
Old Presbyterian Dissenters | Booklet Video
Observations Doctrinal and Practical, on Saving Faith by Archibald Mason
What is the nature of saving faith? What shall it profit a man to gain the whole world and lose his own soul? These are questions that remain pertinent to all who are concerned with the nature of true religion. In a relatively short compass, Archibald Mason seeks to answer these questions and more. Mason’s treatment is brief and easy enough for believers of average intelligence...
Observations on Saving Faith | Booklet Video
Explanation and Defence of the Terms of Communion by The Reformed Presbytery
In 1801, the Reformed Presbytery of Scotland, the Covenanters, were poised between two centuries and a situation not unfamiliar to church officers. Should they remain true to the historical interpretation (i.e., confession) and implementation (i.e., practice) of the church’s standards? or, Should they seek a more congenial relation to changing society through some alteration...
Explanation and Defence of Terms of Communion | Booklet Video
Creeds and Confessions Defended by John Paul
In a time and place where sloganeering often carries the weight of theological argument, we are often treated to the chant, “No creed but Christ” or “No creed but the Bible.” For Protestants, professing the doctrine of sola Scriptura, this might seem like an obvious and, more importantly, Biblical position. The problem with this view is that Protestants, particularly Lutheran and Reformed, never...
Creeds and Confessions Defended | Booklet Video
An Essay Upon the Sacred Use of Organs in Christian Assemblies
In a day, and amongst a culture steeped in entertainment, the premise of this pamphlet will meet with some resistance. Fallen men are hostile to the things of the Spirit of God. Increasingly, worship conducted in the simplicity of the Gospel is eschewed in favor of a sensual atmosphere that attempts to be bigger and louder than ever. More and more numerous instruments, orchestras, and choirs fill the more...
Essay Upon the Sacred Use of Organs | Booklet Video
Regnum Lapidus, or the Kingdom of the Stone by Archibald Johnston
The doctrines advocated in this essay contained too much Old Light, even in 1817, to find ready acceptance amongst the contending parties developing in the American Reformed Presbyterian church. Commissioned by the Synod of 1817, this essay was submitted for review to a leader of the emerging "New Light" faction and never returned for publication. Only the fact that a copy remained in the hands of Archibald...
Regnum Lapidus | Booklet Video
The Government and Order of the Church of Scotland by Alexander Henderson
When the Assembly of Divines, meeting at Westminster, turned their attention to the matter of uniformity in the matter of church government, they sought advice from the Scottish church. In order the reform the government of the English church, according to the “example of the best Reformed churches,” (Solemn League, art. I) there was no church closer, or more noted for being Reformed, than the Church of Scotland...
Government and Order of the Church of Scotland | Booklet Video
The Social Position of Reformed Presbyterians or Cameronians by William Sommerville
In a day when many are at ease in Zion, this small book will present a challenge. Covenanter minister William Sommerville traces the lines of historical Covenanters and shows that many, who may claim to be faithful to Covenanter principles, are not standing in their line. The nineteenth century saw many branches of Presbyterianism making claims to be descendants of the Cameronians, or Covenanters. In fact, many...
Social Position of Reformed Presbyterians | Booklet Video
The Two Witnesses by David Steele
One great fact separated the claims of the Romish party from those of Protestants. In defense of which doctrines were biblical and which were not, the early Protestants confidently asserted that not one controverted truth between them had been sealed by the blood of the martyrs. Papal supremacy, purgatory, transubstantiation, the cult of the saints, and other corruptions of doctrine and practice...
The Two Witnesses | Booklet Video
The Only Songs of Zion by Donald C. McLaren
The practice of Psalm singing, though not common today amongst Presbyterian churches, was the standard practice of Reformed churches from the time of the Reformation. In this small book, Donald C. McLaren presents the reader with a concise overview of the excellence of the Psalms and their inherent suitableness for praising God, under the New Testament. Writing at a time when Reformed churches...
The Only Songs of Zion | Booklet Video
Principles of Church Fellowship by John T. Pressly
In the age of NAPARC (North American Presbyterian and Reformed Council), it might seem as though the Reformed churches were closer to achieving some kind of working unity amongst various bodies with sometimes conflicting confessional standards. An Inquiry into the Principles of Church Fellowship represents a concise and tightly reasoned primer dealing with several topics of related to present ecclesiastical concerns. The spirit of the age is one seeking unity...
Principles of Church Fellowship | Booklet Video
The Superfluity of Naughtiness by Thomas Wall
Head coverings on women are not ceremonially significant and, therefore, not matters pertaining only to the worship of God. Yet, head coverings and long hair on women, as well as men donning short hair, are customs which found place in the Church (cf. 1 Cor. 11:13, 14). These are customs founded in nature (i.e., customs according to nature), as Paul notes; but fallen men have found out other customs which are vain (i.e., they are habits against nature; cf. Jer. 10:3)...
Superfluity of Naughtiness | Booklet Video
The Duty of Nations by Gilbert McMaster
In her earlier and purer days, the Reformed Presbyterian church, like many other Presbyterian and Reformed churches, appointed annual days of fasting in the Spring and thanksgiving in the Fall. On May, 24, 1809, the Reformed Presbyterian church constituted her supreme governing body a synod. When the first Thursday of November, 1809, was appointed as the day of thanksgiving to be observed in all the congregations of the Reformed Presbyterian church, the matter of ecclesiastical...
The Duty of Nations | Booklet Video
True and Visible Markes of the Catholic Church by Theodore Beza
Since the beginning of the Reformation, Rome has laid the charge of schism at the feet of the Protestant reformers. Rome asserts that she alone is that catholic church to which all men must resort if they would be saved. In order to sustain her claim against Protestants, she has maintained that the true church had always been visible and, furthermore, that its visibility was centered in the Romish papacy. Outside of this institution, Rome asserted, there is no ordinary possibility of salvation...
True and Visible Markes of the Church | Booklet Video
The Two Sons of Oil by Samuel B. Wylie
In 1802, at the “Forks of the Yough,” a place well situated for such an occasion, Samuel Wylie and John Black, his brother-in-law, officiated over what was very likely the first communion season to be held by Covenanters in the frontier that was the western part of Pennsylvania, since the re-organizing of the Reformed Presbyter, in 1798. The sacramental observance was a five day event, which began with fasting and ended with a day of thanksgiving. It was also a time of spiritual reflection featuring numerous sermons and...
Two Sons of Oil | Booklet Video